Of the more than two million incarcerated Americans, many suffer from chronic health conditions, disease, and substance-use disorders, however some of their most urgent health concerns can be a throbbing tooth, or aching oral abscess.

Harvard School of Dental Medicine (HSDM) students are learning this firsthand by providing care to patients incarcerated at Suffolk County’s Nashua Street Jail. Several HSDM students and faculty operate a weekly clinic at the 640-bed facility in downtown Boston as part of the Crimson Care Collaborative (CCC)—a team of medical, dental, and mental health professionals from Harvard and other institutions.

“The waitlist for dental care is constantly over­whelmed, and many patients must wait in order to receive palliative treatment for highly progressed dental disease that can cause pain, sleep loss, or difficulty eating,” Mindy Truong, D.M.D. ’19, director of educa­tion for CCC at the jail said.

Jails like Nashua Street traditionally offer limited short-term palliative dental care. The Suffolk County Sheriff ’s department welcomed the partnership with CCC to provide expanded health care options to inmates, along with the opportunity to train future health care providers in a correctional setting.

“To our knowledge, this is the first collaboration of its kind involving student-delivered medical, dental and, mental health care in the correctional setting,” Lisa Simon, D.M.D. ’14, P.D. ’15, attending dentist for CCC said. “This benefits patients, who have expanded access to care, dental students, who learn about the unique correctional setting, and medical trainees, who can learn more about oral health.” Dr. Simon and colleagues recently wrote about the innovative model in an article for the American Journal of Public Health.

The collaboration, spearheaded by Simon, began in October 2015 and has become a popular volunteer opportunity for DMD students. A student leadership board and faculty mentors run the clinic. Before entering the correctional setting, all volunteers attend mandatory training sessions, receive an overview of the U.S. justice system, and are screened for security clearance. Students’ roles range from conducting patient interviews and providing educational programs, to assisting or performing clinical treatment. To date, more than 15 D.M.D. students have participated in the program, and several alumni plan to work in a correc­tional setting or with formerly incarcerated people in the future.

“I honestly wasn’t entirely sure what to expect when I signed up to volunteer at Nashua Street Jail. This is my first experience working with a population in a correc­tional setting,” Truong said. “I’m constantly reminded of the importance of considering the patient as an individual human being with unique experiences and perspectives, while remembering that we are all linked by a common humanity,” she said.

Working with the incarcerated population, students gain awareness of the complex social determinants of health. They also work closely within interdisciplinary teams to collaborate on patient care and overall health.

“People in jail face various health disparities that predispose them to increased morbidity and mortality. Many of our dental patients have complex medical conditions and/or mental health issues.” Zhen Shen, D.M.D. ’19, dental integrated clinician for CCC said.

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