Nineteen international affairs practitioners from around the world have been appointed as fellows at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs for the academic year 2002-03. Established in 1958, the fellows program welcomes mid- to senior-level diplomats, military officers, politicians, journalists, and others working in the realm of international affairs to pursue independent study and research at the University for one academic year. To date, more than 800 individuals from all over the world have participated in the program. For more information, visit the Web site at http://www.wcfia.harvard.edu/fellows/.
2002-03 Weatherhead Center Fellows
Ezra N. H. Chen, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Taiwan. Prior to coming to Harvard, Chen served as assistant director general at the Department of Central and South American Affairs. From 1995 to 2001, he served in Singapore, where he had an opportunity to attend the First Ministerial Meeting of the World Trade Organization, and then in Washington, D.C., where he was deputy director of Secretariat Division at the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office. From 1992 to 1995, Chen was section chief of the Department of North American Affairs in Taipei. His longest overseas assignment was in Los Angeles, where he worked from 1986 to 1992. Before joining the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Chen was an English teacher. He earned a B.A. in English literature from Tunghai University and an M.A. in linguistics from Fujen University. His Harvard research will focus on the triangular relationship between the United States, mainland China, and Taiwan, and also examine the changing dynamic in the relationship between China and Taiwan created by the emergence of new, and younger, political leaders.
Marialena Conalis-Kontou, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece. Conalis-Kontou has been at the Greek Foreign Ministry since 1990, serving as senior policy adviser to the former FM Karolos Papoulias, as well as to the current Minister of Foreign Affairs, George Papandreou. Since 2001, she has been serving as senior policy adviser to the Greek Foreign Ministry posted in Papandreou’s office, focusing on American foreign policy, trans-Atlantic relations and Greek-American relations. In this position, she is also a liaison to the Minister of Public Order for the security of the 2004 Olympics, to the Ministry of Defense on security and defense issues, and to the U.S. Embassy in Athens. Conalis-Kontou also served previously as adviser on foreign affairs to Minister of Education Papandreou. She has been a university professor and a management consultant. A citizen of both the United States and Greece, Conalis-Kontou was educated at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and American University. Her Harvard research will focus on the contemporary nature of terrorism and the collective response, EU and U.S. relations, regional security and defense (EU-NATO), and Greek-U.S. relations.
Patricia Cooper, a Canadian national and an American citizen, is a public policy analyst, entrepreneur, educator, and civic leader. Most recently, she served as president and executive director of The Children’s Museum of Denver, where the directed the financial turnaround of the museum with a focus on early childhood learning. As a senior executive appointee for the Government of Canada for eight years, Cooper advised the government on the effects of proposed and current legislation on women and children. She was appointed by the mayor of Calgary as one of 11 citizens to develop the economic strategic plan for the City of Calgary into the 21st century. She was a founding member of the Women’s Legal Education and Action Fund in Canada, and has served on the board of directors of the YWCA of Canada, Senate of the University of Calgary, and the Calgary Chamber of Commerce. She currently serves on the board of Pathfinder International and the advisory board of the Institute of International Education, and chairs the Denver World Affairs Council. Cooper received a B.A. in history from the University of Alberta and a M.P.A. from the University of Colorado. While at Harvard, she will investigate global migration issues from a human rights based, holistic approach beginning with the Cairo Program of Action, and examine the linkages between migration, population, and development issues.
Glenn Marshall DeSoto is a Colonel in the United States Army. He most recently commanded nine U.S. Army installations in the central region of South Korea. He served over nine of the last 24 years overseas working with foreign services on intelligence matters. He commanded U.S. and NATO intelligence units in six European countries, and directed Army counterintelligence, human intelligence, and security policy at the Pentagon. Col. DeSoto is a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, where he studied engineering with additional concentration in British, American, and French literature. He is a distinguished graduate of the Defense Foreign Language Institute in Monterey, Calif., where he studied French. He has a M.B.A. from Syracuse University, and is a distinguished graduate of the National War College in Washington, D.C., where he received a master’s degree in national security and strategic studies with a second concentration in information operations. While at Harvard, he is pursuing research on the changes in security challenges; the politics of civilization in the post-Cold War world; the problem of internal and interstate wars and ethnic violence; and the similarities, differences, and interactions among societies of different cultures and civilizations. For the purpose of public presentations, he is able to speak about information operations.
Khalid I. Emara, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Arab Republic of Egypt. Emara has spent his diplomatic career dealing with both political and economic issues. His most recent position was deputy head of the European Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Cairo. Prior to assuming this position, he was first secretary at the Egyptian Embassy to Belgium, Luxembourg, and the European communities, where he was responsible for political and economic affairs, and for European Parliament affairs. Emara also served as first secretary, member of the Egyptian negotiating team concluding the Association Agreement between Egypt and the EU, and the Egyptian/European partnership unit reporting to the prime minister. From 1992 to 1995, he was assigned to the Egyptian Embassy in Rome, where he was in charge of internal political affairs, EU affairs, and Euro-Mediterranean relations. Emara received his B.A. in political science from the American University in Cairo and his M.A. in European integration from the International Institute for Public Administration in Paris. While at Harvard, he will pursue research on U.S. foreign policy, conflict prevention, resolution, and crisis management post-Sept. 11.
William J. Flanagan, Jr., U.S. Navy. Comdr. Flanagan has served most recently as the commanding officer of a naval aviation squadron responsible for training aviators from the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and several foreign governments. Operational assignments during the past two decades have taken him around the world during conflict and peace. Staff assignments have been at the chief of naval operations in Washington, D.C. and at the commander in chief U.S. special operations command. Comdr. Flanagan was educated at Saint Joseph’s University, the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, R.I., Jacksonville University, Georgetown University, and University of California, San Diego. While at Harvard, he is pursuing research on the use of “special operations” within a global environment and economy.
K. Peter Gottwald, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Germany. Since 1998, Gottwald has been director of the Ministry’s North American Division. From 1993 to 1998, he lived in London, serving first as secondment to policy planning staff at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, then as head of press/information at the German Embassy. Gottwald has had several other overseas assignments, including Washington, D.C., Helsinki, and Paris. Early in his career, he worked for the UN Development Program (UNDP) in Nigeria. He was educated at the University of Mannheim, University of Frankfurt, University of Konstanz, and at Syracuse University. Gottwald’s research at Harvard will be in several areas, including international relations, public diplomacy, security and arms control, international organizations, the international economy, and history.
Dale L. Hayden, a colonel in the U.S. Air Force, was commissioned in March 1980 through Officer Training School, Lackland Air Force Base in Texas. His most recent assignment was as deputy director of staff, Air Force Space Command. From 2000 to 2001, he was chief operations inspector general at Air Force Space Command at, Peterson base in Colorado. Col. Hayden has been assigned to positions in both the United States and abroad during his career, including commander, 341st Operations Support Squadron, Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana; inspector, Department of Defense Inspector General’s Office at the Pentagon; chief, Tactical Operations, 19th Space Surveillance Squadron at Pincilik Air Base in Turkey. Col. Hayden has earned three degrees from the University of Alabama, a B.A. in education, an M.A. in history, and a Ph.D. in administration of higher education. While at Harvard, Col. Hayden plans to document and analyze the evolution of space support in the international arena. The topic will involve a review of the growth in space-based capabilities, dependence on space assets in the military and civilian communities, space control, projection of space power on a multinational basis, and the direction space development is taking on the international world stage.
Ove Juul Joergensen is from Denmark and most recently served as the ambassador of the EU to Japan. Previously, he headed the European Commission’s Directorate for Relations with North America, Australia, New Zealand, NAFTA and APEC, based in Brussels. In this position, he acted as chairman of the European Commission’s interservice group on relations with the United States. He was chief negotiator on the New Transatlantic Agenda (NTA) and the Joint EU-US Action Plan, endorsed at the EU-U.S. summit in 1995; he was also the Chief Representative of the European Commission in the NTA Task Force, jobs that that put him in charge of the overall coordination of EU policies vis-à-vis the United States. Juul Joergensen has also served as ambassador of the European Commission to Australia and New Zealand, based in Canberra. He joined the European Commission in 1981 as head of cabinet of the Danish Member of the European Commission. His Harvard research will focus primarily on new foreign policy needs, global governance, and the “dark sides of globalization.”
Jamal Khokhar, a Canadian diplomat, was most recently minister-counsellor and head of the Canadian Embassy’s Congressional and Legal Affairs Section in Washington, D.C. In that position, he was response for coordinating bilateral foreign and trade policy interests with the U.S. Congress. From 1997 to 2000, he served as counsellor focusing on Canada-U.S. trade policy and dispute management, as well as larger NAFTA, WTO, and regional trade policy issues. Khokhar was the executive assistant to Canada’s Deputy Minister for International Trade from 1994 to 1997; he has also held diplomatic assignments in Lagos, Nigeria, and Sao Paolo, Brazil. While at Harvard, he intends to explore the emerging challenges to international peace and security, and to examine the understanding of Islam in the western public and foreign policy process. Khokhar was educated at McGill University, American University in Washington, D.C., and the University of Ottawa.
Ta Thi Minh Ly has spent more than 20 years with the Ministry of Justice of Vietnam. In her current job as director of the Ministry’s National Legal Aid Society, she is responsible for delivering legal aid services to the poor, drafting laws and by-laws regulating legal aid, and managing 60 provincial and three NGO legal aid centers throughout the country. A member of the Task Force on Poverty, Ly supervises a staff of 25 permanent legal experts and 40 cooperators in Hanoi. During her long career with the Ministry, she has held a number of key positions, serving also as vice director for the Department of Advocacy and Legal Consultancy, and as legal expert of the Department of Administrative and Criminal Law. She has been assigned to projects on HIV control and prevention and on drug control and prevention, and has participated in projects on women’s progress and on the care of children. Ly received a bachelor of law from Kisinhep University (in the former Soviet Union), a bachelor of politics from Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, and a Ph.D. from Hanoi Law University. She has studied in Australia, England, Denmark, and the Netherlands. While at Harvard, Ly plans to research ways for expanding the role of social organizations in Vietnam’s legal aid network.
Pedro Medina, from Colombia, has been active in the business community for most of his career. He comes to Harvard as a consultant to McDonald’s. From 1994 to early 2002, he was general manager and joint venture partner of McDonald’s Colombia. Before joining McDonald’s, Medina was a commercial manager at Sofasa, the Toyota and Renault assembly operation, and a vice president and export manager at Polipropileno del Caribe, a polypropylene manufacturer with Union Carbide and Shell Technology. He has also held academic appointments at several institutions, including Universidad del los Andes and Universidad del Rosario, and has taught at the University of Virginia. Medina received a B.A. in economics, history, and international relations from the University of Virginia, and a M.B.A. in general management from the Darden School of the University of Virginia. His research at Harvard will reflect the work he is doing as leader of a program in Colombia designed to empower individuals and teams to solve their conflicts, and improve their quality of life. He plans to explore ways to build social capital, to improve skills in higher education, and to consider how to promote Colombia’s competitiveness.
Juan Esteban Orduz has just ended four years as minister, deputy chief of mission of the Embassy of Colombia to the United States in Washington, D.C. An attorney and specialist in finance, he has been a legal vice president of Cemex Colombia, and an associate attorney at Consultores Juridicos y Económicos (legal and economic counselors), working on trade and investment issues in Colombia. He was adviser of Andrés Pastrana (president of Colombia from 1998 to 2002) during Pastrana’s presidential campaign and before that he was consul general of Colombia in Frankfurt, with jurisdiction in Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz and Saarland. He served as adviser-private secretary of the minister of economic development. Orduz earned a law degree from El Rosario University in Bogotá and earned a postgraduate degree in finance at Los Andes University in Bogotá. While at Harvard, he is pursuing research on U.S. relations with Colombia and Latin America (from the political, investment, and trade points of view).
Eero Pyötsiä; of Finland has been a commanding officer of Guard Battalion since February 2001. Lt. Col. Pyötsiä was commissioned in 1984 and has served as platoon and company commander in infantry units, as instructor at the Finnish National Defense College, and as staff officer in the Finnish Defense Staff. From 1998 to 2001, he served as military assistant to Chief of Defense Gustav Hägglund. In recent years, he has participated in high-level meetings with the EU’s Military Committee and the Euro Atlantic Partnership Military Committee. Lt. Col. Pyötsiä was educated at the National Defense College and at the Finnish Military Academy, from which he received a master’s degree in military science. He has also studied in Sweden and at the NATO school in Oberammergau, Germany. His Harvard research will include a consideration of the possibilities of NATO enlargement to include the Baltic states and the impact this will have on stability in northern Europe.
David Reddaway, C.M.G., M.B.E., Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) of the United Kingdom. Reddaway served most recently as U.K. Special Representative for Afghanistan, with personal rank of ambassador. He is a companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George and a member of the Order of the British Empire. From 1999 to 2001, he was director of public services for FCO, with responsibilities that included FCO’s press and public diplomacy work; its relations with Parliament and the devolved administrations in the U.K.; and its worldwide consular, visa and cultural operations. He was head of Southern European Department from 1997 to 1999. During his diplomatic career, he has had several overseas assignments, including minister, Buenos Aires; Chargé d’Affaires, Tehran; 1st secretary (political), New Delhi; and 1st secretary (political), Madrid. Reddaway was educated at Cambridge, from which he received both bachelor’s and master’s degrees. While at Harvard, he plans to focus his research efforts on political developments in western Asia.
Paul Schulte, Ministry of Defense of the United Kingdom. Schulte served most recently as Director of the Proliferation and Arms Control Secretariat at the Ministry and British Commissioner on the UN Special Commissions on Iraq (UNSCOM AND UNMOVIC). He has held senior posts dealing with the army equipment program and service medical policy. He was deeply involved in handling Gulf War syndrome allegations and policy on Gays in the Military. Previously, he was assigned to the Northern Ireland Office dealing successively with security, industrial development, and constitutional and human rights policies. Returning to MOD, he worked on arms control and operations in the Middle East. Schulte earned a degree in social science from the London School of Economics and a professional qualification in group psychotherapy, which he practiced part-time for ten years in the National Health Service. While at Harvard, he plans to consider the security paradigms that may evolve to prevent, or at least to manage, a highly proliferated world. He is also interested in the psychodynamics and the likelihood of deterrence of political or religious groups that might attempt WMD (weapons of mass destruction) terrorism, and in the development of relations between Alliance members and neighbors in Eurasia, North Africa, and the Middle East.
Helen Shaw, a journalist from Ireland, has been director of radio, RTE, since 1997. At the age of 35, she became the first woman appointed to the board of RTE, the national public broadcaster. Since then, she has led the development of four national radio stations and has been responsible for the editorial output of RTE Radio 1. Shaw has also worked at the BBC, where she was editor of radio news and current affairs, BBC Northern Ireland, and at the Irish Times, where she was a senior reporter based in Belfast. She has worked extensively in South Africa and Ethiopia, and, during a one-year journalism fellowship in Paris (1990-91), worked across Eastern Europe. Shaw received a B.A. from University College Dublin in English and history, and later earned a master’s degree from there in European integration. She also has a postgraduate degree in journalism from Dublin City University. Shaw hopes to use her time at Harvard to explore relations between the United States and Europe in the wake of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks and to consider how the media in both Europe and the United States covered the issues. She will also look at how states have responded to the challenge of terrorism from her experience in Northern Ireland, the Basques in Europe, and in South Africa. A founding member of the International Women’s Forum (IWF) in Ireland, Shaw has been a frequent spokesperson on women in leadership and is representing the IWF during her year as a fellow at Harvard.
Shuji Shimokoji, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Shimokoji, currently a minister in the Embassy of Japan, served from 1999 to 2002 as deputy director, Center for the Promotion of Disarmament and Nonproliferation, Japan Institute of International Affairs. During his distinguished career with the ministry, he has been posted to Vancouver, British Columbia, where he was consul general from 1997 to 1999; to Beijing, where he was minister in the embassy from 1992 to 1995; and to Seoul, where he was counselor at the embassy from 1989-1992. He has also served in a variety of positions in Tokyo. Shimokoji was educated in the faculty of law at Tokyo University, from which he received his B.A., and at Harvard University, where he earned his M.A. While at Harvard, he hopes to conduct research on China-Taiwan affairs, and on nonproliferation.
Jean-Louis Zoël, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of France. Zoël has spent a number of years in Africa recently, serving as ambassador of France to Zambia and Malawi from 1998 to 2001, and as chief of French Aid Mission in Gabon from 1994 to 1998, where he supervised a staff of 300 and advised his government on the disbursement of $100 million per year in global aid. Other previous overseas assignments have taken him to Saudi Arabia, where he was consul general in Djeddah and to Hungary. He also spent nearly six years in different positions at the ministry’s directorate for budgetary and financial affairs, including more than three years as director. Zoël’s decision to enter the diplomatic service was reached while completing his national military service; he was a Navy lieutenant on a destroyer in the Mediterranean Sea. He was educated at Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris, Ecole Centrale de Paris, and Ecole Nationale d’Administration. While at Harvard, Zoël hopes to study the academic literature on Africa and to consider fundamental questions of development.